ural in russland

Abundant are dwarf birch, mosses and berries (blueberry, cloudberry, black crowberry, etc.). Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of June, July and August you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). At the same time, the national and social oppression started of the indigenous people of the area, such as Mansi, Khanty and Bashkirs. Vaygach Island and the islands of Novaya Zemlya form a further continuation of the … [1][4], The mountains contain a number of deep lakes. The Ural high-speed railway is one of three projects (together with the Moscow-Kazan and Moscow-St.Petersburg routes) that is actively discussed by the governmental officials in order to implement high-speed rail traffic in Russia. In the Southern Ural frequent are badger and black polecat. The eastern mountain slopes have light coniferous taiga forests. Trade activity is heating up across the province. [3], During World War II (1941–45) Ural became the industrial backbone of Russia as most important industrial enterprises were evacuated there from the western Russia occupied by Germans. Kommt mit auf einen Abendspaziergang entlang der Hauptstrasse. [4] The Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals are recognized as a World Heritage site. For its age of 250 to 300 million years, the elevation of the mountains is unusually high. Answer 1 of 11: Hello everybody! The first ample geographic survey of the Ural Mountains was completed in the early 18th century by the Russian historian and geographer Vasily Tatishchev under the orders of Peter I. In 1597 Babinov's road was built across the Ural from Solikamsk to the valley of the Tura, where the town of Verkhoturye (Upper Tura) was founded in 1598. Three Ural's plants gave 66% of Soviet tanks and mobile artillery units. First iron and copper smelters were founded by the mid-17th century. Bashkirs form the largest indigenous group of the region. As attested by Sigismund von Herberstein, in the 16th century Russians called the Ural range by a variety of names derived from the Russian words for rock (stone) and belt. [4][5][6] Possibilities include Bashkir үр "elevation; upland" and Mansi ур ала "mountain peak, top of the mountain",[7] V.N. Many old ironworks were reconstructed and a number of new ones were built. We will decide later on if we will also offer other Ural spare parts here. Meadow steppes have developed on the lower parts of mountain slopes and are covered with zigzag and mountain clovers, Serratula gmelinii, dropwort, meadow-grass and Bromus inermis, reaching the height of 60–80 cm. The annual increase of production was about 50%. URAL Motorcycles GmbH. [1][13][14] In 1990, efforts were underway to contain the radiation in one of the lakes, which was estimated at the time to expose visitors to 500 millirem per day. Ural Interregional Research and Education Center ‘Advanced Industrial Technologies and Materials’ Center will unify scientific potential of Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Kurgan regions. Both Polar and Nether-Polar Urals are typically Alpine; they bear traces of Pleistocene glaciation, along with permafrost and extensive modern glaciation, including 143 extant glaciers. The eastern mountain slopes have light coniferous taiga forests. Many deformed and metamorphosed rocks, mostly of Paleozoic age, surface within the Urals. Forests are much more sparse in Polar Ural. Customs was established in Verkhoturye shortly thereafter and the road was made the only legal connection between European Russia and Siberia for a long time. This is because the mountains trap clouds from the Atlantic Ocean. [3], Forest landscapes of Urals are diverse, especially the southern part. At around 9:20 a.m. on Friday, 15 February 2013, an astronomical incident occurred, known as the 2013 Russian meteor event. We expect around 5.2 mm of precipitation to fall and cloud covering 100% of the sky, the humidity will be around 96%. The mountains of the Polar Ural have exposed rock with sharp ridges, though flattened or rounded tops are also found. The birds of these areas include rough-legged buzzard, snowy owl, tundra partridge, and rock ptarmigan.[1][4]. Earlier, in the 17th century, rich ore deposits were discovered in the mountains and their systematic extraction began in the early 18th century, eventually turning the region into the largest mineral base of Russia. Der Ural (russisch Урал, Уральские горы; auch Uralgebirge genannt) ist ein bis 1895 m hohes und rund 2200 km langes Gebirge, das sich in Nord-Süd-Richtung durch den mittleren Westen Russlands erstreckt und einen Teil der asiatisch-europäischen Grenze darstellt. [4], The table (see also maps above) reveals that the Ural Federal District and Ural economical region are rather different entities, which geographically differ from the Urals, even though the Urals is not well defined geographically. In the Middle Urals, one can see a rare mixture of sable and pine marten named kidus. Ivan III of Moscow captured Perm, Pechora and Yugra from the declining Novgorod Republic in 1472. Yermak crossed the Ural from the Chusovaya to the Tagil around 1581. [1] Its plants went into operation in 1948 and, for the first ten years, dumped unfiltered radioactive waste into the river Techa and Lake Karachay. [1][4], The Northern Ural consist of a series of parallel ridges up to 1,000–1,200 m (3,300–3,900 ft) in height and longitudinal hollows. The western areas also received more rainfall than the eastern ones by 150–300 mm per year. Maximum precipitation occurs in the summer: the winter is dry because of the Siberian High. [14] As of 2006, 500 mrem in the natural environment was the upper limit of exposure considered safe for a member of the general public in an entire year (though workplace exposure over a year could exceed that by a factor of 10). A belt of low mountains and plateaus 1,150 to 1,500 feet (350 to 460 metres) high flanks the Ural Mountains proper along the eastern edge of the Russian Plain. The Ural's industrial production increased 3 times in 1943 relatively to 1941 and the military production increased 6 times. It is a vast territory which includes major cities like Yekaterinburg and Chelyabinsk, as well as parts of the polar areas. The collision lasted nearly 90 million years in the late Carboniferous – early Triassic. [3] Ural mostly lies within Russia but also includes a small part of Northwestern Kazakhstan. From the summer to winter of 1941, 667 factories were moved to Ural and by the end of 1941 Ural accounted for 62% of the Soviet iron production. During the war, Ural accounted for 40% of the Soviet military production. Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company is a Russian metallurgical company based in Verkhnyaya Pyshma. This is a historical, not an official entity, with borders overlapping its Western Volga and Eastern Siberia neighboring regions. The largest lakes are on the east of the Central and Southern Urals. Kazakhs are another significant national fraction of the Southern Ural. [3], Most Ural rivers belong to the basin of the Arctic Ocean. Of the people injured, 311 were children who were at school at the time. They became active around the 14th century when a number of settlements were established in the Northern Ural and attributed to Veliky Novgorod. [3], As a result of the Emancipation reform of 1861, most Ural farmers lost more than half of their personal lands. Davis, W.M. The Southern Urals extend some 550 km (340 mi) up to the sharp westward bend of the river Ural and terminate in the wide Mughalzhar Hills.[1]. Mayak, 150 km southeast of Yekaterinburg, was a center of the Soviet nuclear industry[1][13][14][15] and site of the Kyshtym disaster. In the first year of our Ural-shop we will offer Ural accessories only. Picture taken March 22, 2016. The modern Russian name for the Urals (Урал, Ural), first appearing in the 16th–17th century when the Russian conquest of Siberia was in its heroic phase, was initially applied to its southern parts and gained currency as the name of the entire range during the 18th century. [4], The relief of the Southern Ural is more complex, with numerous valleys and parallel ridges directed south-west and meridionally. Between January-March 2017, total trade turnover into the Urals rose $101.1 million against 2016’s levels to hit a high of $2.2 billion. Reptiles and amphibians live mostly in the Southern and Central Ural and are represented by the common viper, lizards and grass snakes. Around the same time, farming and animal husbandry develop in the Southern Ural. To the south, the meadow steppes become more sparse, dry and low. Its highest peak is Mount Narodnaya, approximately 1,895 m (6,217 ft) in elevation.[1]. The Ural Mountains. The daytime temperature is going to reach -10 °c and the temperature is going to dip to -14 °c at night. Perm was an administrative center of the gubernia with the same name by 1797. They have rich resources, including metal ores, coal, and precious and semi-precious stones. The specialty of the Urals is precious and semi-precious stones, such as emerald, amethyst, aquamarine, jasper, rhodonite, malachite and diamond. They have high and long (2–3 months) floods in May–June (June–July in the Polar Ural). During the 17th century the first deposits of iron and copper ores, mica, gemstones and other minerals were discovered in the Ural. [15] Over 23,000 km2 (8,900 sq mi) of land were contaminated in 1957 from a storage tank explosion, only one of several serious accidents that further polluted the region. In 1720–1722 he commissioned Vasily Tatishchev to oversee and develop the mining and smelting works in the Ural. This word literally means "island" and was used for any territory different from the surrounding terrain. The historical center of the Ural is Cherdyn, nowadays it is a small town in Perm Krai. Tatishchev returned to the Ural on the order of Empress Anna to succeed de Gennin in 1734–1737. Albrechtstraße 26. [3], In the 17th century, Ural became inhabited by Slavs who brought advanced farming technique and craftsmanship. The river valleys are underlain by limestone. The rest of the Urals drain into the Arctic Ocean, mainly via the Pechora basin in the west, which includes the Ilych, Shchugor, and the Usa, and via the Ob basin in the east, which includes the Tobol, Tavda, Iset, Tura and Severnaya Sosva. Geographically this range marks the northern part of the border between the continents of Europe and Asia. The areas west to the Ural Mountains are 1–2 °C warmer in winter than the eastern regions because the former are warmed by the Atlantic winds whereas the eastern slopes are chilled by the Siberian air masses. Bird species are represented by capercaillie, black grouse, hazel grouse, spotted nutcracker and cuckoos. Small rocky meteorite fragments were discovered near an eight-metre crater, believed to have been created by the impact, in an ice-covered reservoir near the town of Chebarkul. The relief of Southern Ural is more complex, with numerous valleys and ridges directed south-west and meridionally. The Ural Mountains or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the river Ural and northwestern Kazakhstan. [7] I.G. The news media reported that the meteor's deafening shock wave packed the punch of a 500-kiloton explosion, and was so powerful that it shattered windows and collapsed walls, damaging 4,000 buildings and injuring 1,491 people, the majority of whom were caught in the shards of flying glass. Austria E. office@ural.at. This is because of low precipitation and the relatively warm climate resulting in less snow and more evaporation. Zalushnoje ist ein typisches russisches Dorf rund 600 Kilometer südlich von Moskau. The region is interesting because of its location: the Ural mountings represent a natural border between Europe and Asia. Uralskiye gory, IPA: [ʊˈralʲskʲɪjə ˈgorɨ]; Bashkir: Урал тауҙары, Ural tauźarı) or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the river Ural and northwestern Kazakhstan. and a network of markets spread over Ural. During the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941–1942, the mountains became a key element in Nazi planning for the territories which they expected to conquer in the USSR. Faced with the threat of having a significant part of the Soviet territories occupied by the enemy, the government evacuated many of the industrial enterprises of European Russia and Ukraine to the eastern foothills of the Ural, considered a safe place out of reach of the German bombers and troops. The best time of year to visit Kamensk-Ural'skiy in Russia. He sacrificed his life for the sake of his people, and they poured a stone pile over his grave, which later turned into the Ural Mountains. Its construction is expected to start in 2021. The administrative center of Urals was moved to Sverdlovsk (nowadays Yekaterinburg) after Revolution and Civil war. It is considered a part of Eurasian Steppe, extending approximately from the North to the South; from the Arctic Ocean to the end of Ural River near Orsk city. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Bird species are represented by capercaillie, black grouse, hazel grouse, spotted nutcracker, and cuckoos. Welcome to The Urals. Valleys of the rivers contain willow, poplar and caragana shrubs. Dobrodomov suggests a transition from Aral to Ural explained on the basis of ancient Bulgar-Chuvash dialects. Russian started moving to Ural in the 11th century, mostly from the Novgorod areas. The Northern Ural consists of a series of parallel ridges with the height up to 1,000–1,300 m and longitudinal depressions, which are elongated from north to south. Farther to the north, in the Central Urals, boreal forests (taiga) of spruce, fir, pine, and larch grow on the mountain, podzolic soils. The area has also been severely damaged by the plutonium-producing facility Mayak opened in Chelyabinsk-40 (later called Chelyabinsk-65, Ozyorsk), in the Southern Ural, after World War II.

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